Uluru

Uluru is sacred to the Pitjantjatjara Anangu, the Aboriginal people of the area. The area around the formation is home to an abundance of springs, waterholes, rock caves and ancient paintings. Uluru is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Uluru and Kata Tjuta, also known as the Olgas, are the two major features of the Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park.

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Uluru is one of Australia’s most recognisable natural landmarks. The sandstone formation stands 348 m (1,142 ft) high, rising 863 m (2,831 ft) above sea level with most of its bulk lying underground, and has a total circumference of 9.4 km (5.8 mi).

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Sunrise

Both Uluru and the nearby Kata Tjuta formation have great cultural significance for the Aṉangu people, the traditional inhabitants of the area, who lead walking tours to inform visitors about the local flora and fauna, bush food and the Aboriginal dreamtime stories of the area.

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Uluru is notable for appearing to change colour at different times of the day and year, most notably when it glows red at dawn and sunset.

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Kata Tjuta, also called Mount Olga or the Olgas, lies 25 km (16 mi) west of Uluru. Special viewing areas with road access and parking have been constructed to give tourists the best views of both sites at dawn and dusk.

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Das Outback von Australien stand ursprünglich weit oben auf meiner Liste, was ich mir von Australien zu sehen erhoffte.

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Letztendlich entschied ich mich doch für einen Flug ins Rote Zentrum Australiens und die endlosen Weiten, atemberaubenden Naturphänomene, aufregende Tierwelt, Spiritualität der Aborigines, die rote Erde, der tagsüber tiefblaue und nachts überwältigende, mit Sternen übersähte Himmel und das immense Gefühl von Freiheit machten diese Reise zu einem meiner herausragendsten Erlebnisse überhaupt.

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The Outback of Australia was originally high on my list, which I hoped to see from Australia. In the end, I decided to fly to the Red Center of Australia and the endless expanses, breathtaking natural phenomena, exciting wildlife, Aboriginal spirituality, the red earth, the daytime deep blue and night-time star-spangled sky, and the immense sense of freedom that made then Journey to one of my most outstanding experiences ever.

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L’Outback of Australia était à l’origine en tête de ma liste, que j’espérais voir en Australie. En fin de compte, j’ai décidé de me rendre au centre rouge d’Australie et à ses immenses étendues, phénomènes naturels à couper le souffle, faune sauvage, spiritualité aborigène, terre rouge, ciel bleu étoilé et ciel étoilé. Voyagez à l’une de mes expériences les plus exceptionnelles.

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Desert Flora

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Das Land war überwiegend flach, trocken und karg. Interessant aussehende Bäume und Sträucher mit nadelartigen spitzen Blättern bevölkerten das Land reichlich. Wir hörten Vögel und Insekten, die in der Ferne laut riefen, aber wir sahen sie nicht. Die Luft war heiß und trocken, aber die Hitze war erträglich, weil wir im Frühling reisten, wo die Temperatur relativ niedrig war.

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Allocasuarina decaisneana or desert oak is an attractive, medium-sized, slow-growing tree found in the dry desert regions of the Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia.[ The Anangu peoples know the tree as kurkara. The tree was particularly useful to Indigenous Australian peoples who used the trees as a source of water. Water can be collected from tree hollows but surface roots could also be broken off in sections to provide potable water by draining the root when held vertically or by directly sucking the water out.[10] The Aborigines also used the hard wood of the trees for making boomerangs, shields and clubs. A boomerang that is 10,000 years old made from Allocasuarina wood was found in Wylie Swamp in South Australia. The species was first formally described as Casuarina decaisneana by the botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1858 in the work Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae. It was reclassified in 1982 into the genus Allocasuarina by Lawrence Alexander Sidney Johnson in the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens.[9] The name of the species honours the Belgian botanist Joseph Decaisne, who had never visited Australia or ever seen the tree.
The land was predominantly flat, dry and barren. Interesting looking trees and shrubs with needle-like pointy leaves populated the land abundantly. We heard birds and insects noisily calling out in the distance but we did not see them. The air was hot and dry, but the heat was bearable because we travelled in spring where the temperature was relatively low.

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Sand entsteht, wenn Gesteine verwittern und so zu kleinen „Gesteinsbröseln“ werden. Diese werden von Wind und Wetter davontransportiert, abgeschliffen und durchmischt. Wie die Sandkörner aussehen und welche Farbe sie haben, wird vor allem von der chemischen Zusammensetzung des Ursprungsgesteins bestimmt, aber auch von den „Erlebnissen“ des Sandkorns auf seiner Reise. Im Red Centre von Australien gibt es viele Gesteine, die eisenhaltige Mineralien enthalten. Wenn nun Luft dazu kommt, reagiert das Eisen der Steine und der Sandkörner mit dem Sauerstoff und es entsteht rötliches Eisenoxid. Eisenoxid verleiht den Steinen und dem Sand also ihre rötliche Farbe. In Afrika, zum Beispiel in Namibia, finden sich ebenfalls Wüsten mit roten Sanddünen.

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Sand is formed when rocks weather and thus become small „rock crumbs“. These are transported away by wind and weather, abraded and mixed. What the grains of sand look like and what color they have is determined above all by the chemical composition of the source rock, but also by the „experiences“ of the grain of sand on its journey. Australia’s Red Center has many rocks containing iron-bearing minerals. When air comes to it, the iron of the stones and the grains of sand reacts with the oxygen and reddish iron oxide is formed. Iron oxide gives the stones and sand their reddish color. In Africa, for example in Namibia, there are also deserts with red sand dunes.
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Những hạt cát trông như thế nào và màu gì chúng có được xác định trên tất cả bởi thành phần hóa học của đá nguồn, mà còn bởi „kinh nghiệm“ của hạt cát trên hành trình của nó. Trung tâm Đỏ của Úc có nhiều loại đá chứa khoáng chất chứa sắt. Không khí làm sắt của đá và các hạt cát phản ứng với oxy và oxit sắt màu đỏ được hình thành. Sắt oxit cho đá và cát màu đỏ. Ở châu Phi, ví dụ ở Namibia, cũng có sa mạc với cồn cát đỏ. Hoặc ở Việt Nam ( Tây Nguyên ) .

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Die weichen Sanddünen waren in auffallendem Ockerrot, während der kristallklare Himmel im hellsten Blau war, das ich je gesehen habe! Der hohe Farbkontrast schuf einen malerischen, auffälligen Hintergrund für schöne Fotos.

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The soft sand dunes were in striking ochre red while the crystal clear sky was in the brightest blue I have ever seen! The high colour contrast created a picturesque, eye-catching background for taking beautiful photos.

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Sails in the Desert Hotel, Ayers Rock Resort
Yulara Drive | Ayers Rock Resort, Yulara, Northern Territory 0872,
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Total Cost ($AUD including GST): $3,215.70
Ayers Rock Airport Transfer, Buffet Breakfast, Night at the field of lights, Heli 15 Min Ride, Wi-Fi, Dinner Buffet – Ilkari, activities, Daily guest

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Das Sails in the desert liegt in unmittelbarer Nähe zum Uluru und etwa 15 Minuten entfernt vom Flughafen des Ayers Rock. Wir haben in diesem Hotel drei Übernachtungen gebucht. Dieses Hotel gilt als die beste Wahl im Ayers Rock Resort. Am Ayers Rock gibt es nicht so viele Hotel-Alternativen.

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The Sails in the desert is in close proximity to Uluru and about 15 minutes away from Ayers Rock Airport. We have booked in this hotel three nights. This hotel is considered the best choice at Ayers Rock Resort. At Ayers Rock there are not that many hotel alternatives.

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The Sails in the desert se trouve à proximité d’Uluru et à environ 15 minutes de l’aéroport d’Ayers Rock. Nous avons réservé dans cet hôtel trois nuits. Cet hôtel est considéré comme le meilleur choix à Ayers Rock Resort. A Ayers Rock, il n’y a pas beaucoup d’alternatives à l’hôtel.

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Vùng hẻo lánh của Úc Châu đứng đầu trong danh sách tham quan của tôi , mà tôi hy vọng sẽ nhìn thấy từ Úc. Tôi quyết định bay đến trung tâm đất đỏ của Úc thay vì đi bằng xe lửa. Một vùng đất vô tận, những hiện tượng ngoạn mục, những sinh vật hoang dã thú vị, tâm linh của thổ dân, đất đỏ, bầu trời xanh đậm vào ban ngày và bầu trời sao lấp lánh, cảm giác tự do to lớn làm cho cuộc hành trình nầy đem lại cho tôi những kinh nghiệm xuất sắc nhất trong những chuyến đi thám hiểm của tôi .

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Pitjantjatjara is the name of both an Aboriginal people of the Central Australian desert, and their language. The people are closely related to the Yankuntjatjara and Ngaanyatjarra people. The Pitjantjatjara refer to themselves as Anangu (people). Pitjantjatjara country is mostly in the far north-west of South Australia, extending across the border into the Northern Territory to just south of Lake Amadeus, and west a short distance into Western Australia. State borders are immaterial to Anangu as land is an inseparable and important part of their cultural identity. European settlement disrupted the traditional nomadic hunting and gathering lifestyle of the Pitjantjatjara people, but they have retained their language and much of their culture in spite of outside influences. Today about 4,000 Anangu live in small communities and outstations across their traditional lands, forming one of the most successful joint land arrangements in Australia with Aboriginal Traditional Owners.

Tôi chọn khách sạn Sails in the desert nằm cách phi trường Ayers Rock khoảng 15 phút. Tôi nghỉ 3 đêm ở đây , khách sạn nầy là một trong những khách sạn tốt nhất ở đây . Ở đây không có nhiều khách sạn để chọn lựa.

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Pitjantjatjara ist der Name eines Aborigines-Volkes der zentralaustralischen Wüste und ihrer Sprache. Die Menschen sind eng mit den Menschen Yankuntjatjara und Ngaanyatjarra verwandt. Die Pitjantjatjara bezeichnen sich selbst als Anangu (Volk). Das Pitjantjatjara-Land liegt hauptsächlich im äußersten Nordwesten Südaustraliens, erstreckt sich über die Grenze in das Northern Territory bis kurz südlich des Amadeus-Sees und westlich eine kurze Strecke nach Western Australia. Staatsgrenzen sind für Anangu unerheblich, da Land ein untrennbarer und wichtiger Teil ihrer kulturellen Identität ist. Die europäische Besiedlung unterbrach die traditionelle nomadische Jagd- und Sammelleidenschaft der Pitjantjatjara, doch trotz äußerer Einflüsse haben sie ihre Sprache und einen Großteil ihrer Kultur bewahrt. Heute leben etwa 4.000 Anangu in kleinen Gemeinden und Außenstationen in ihren traditionellen Ländern und bilden mit Aborigine Traditional Owners eine der erfolgreichsten gemeinsamen Landarrangements in Australien.

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Monday 03.09.18 :
10:40 Departs Sydney , Sydney Kingsford Smith – 13:30 Arrives Uluru , Ayers Rock Connellan

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Der Connellan Airport (auch Ayers Rock Airport) ist ein etwa sieben Kilometer nördlich des australischen Hoteldorfes Yulara im Northern Territory gelegener Flughafen. Der Flughafen ist ein wichtiger Ausgangspunkt für Reisende auf dem Weg in den Uluṟu-Kata-Tjuṯa-Nationalpark. Der Connellan Airport wird ausschließlich für inneraustralische Flüge und als Basis für Rundflüge über den nahe gelegenen Nationalpark genutzt. Die nächstliegenden internationalen Flughäfen sind in Darwin (1926 km N) und Adelaide (1582 km S).

Thứ hai 03.09.2018 , 10:40 phi trường Sydney Kingsford Smith

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13:30 Uluru , phi trường Ayers Rock Connellan . Phi trường Connellan ( còn gọi là phi trường Ayers Rock ) nằm khoảng 7 cây số hướng bắc khu Hotel Yulura . Phi trường nội điạ nầy là điểm khởi hành những chuyến đi tham quan Uluru – Kata – Tjuta – Nationalpark. Những phi trường quốc tế khác là phi trường Darwin ( 1926 km hướng bắc ) và Adelaide ( 1582 km hướng nam ) .

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17:00 A night at a Field of Light ( 4.5 hrs ) & Sound of Silence , Buffet Dinner

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A Sunset Camel Ride around Uluru

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“ A Night at Field of Light“, combining the Sounds of Silence dinner experience with the once-in-a-lifetime Field of Light art installation. With 50,000 soft lights of the Field of Light covering the desert floor behind you, you’ll enjoy a mouth-watering 3-course buffet menu before you’re invited to immerse yourself in the Field of Light. It’s pathways glistening softly with rhythms of coloured light that beckon you to explore.

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The Field of Light is a large-scale site-specific light-based installation created by British artist Bruce Munro.The sculpture slowly changes colour, creating a shimmering field of light.[1]

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Field of Light was originally conceived in 1992, when Munro took a farewell road trip through central Australia with his fiancée (now wife), prior to their return to England, camping at Uluru/Ayer’s Rock. To Munro, the red desert had an incredible feeling of energy, ideas seemed to radiate from it along with the heat. „There was a charge in the air that gave me a very immediate feeling which I didn’t fully understand, the artist said, „It was a moment when I felt at one with the world[1]..

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Under an outback sky brillant with stars, pathways draw you in as 50,000 slender sterns crowned with frostedglass spheres gently light up Australia´s spiritual heartland. The Field of Light has now been extended until 31 December 2020.

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“ Đêm tại Field of Light “ , kết hợp trải nghiệm bữa ăn tối của Sounds of Silence với nghệ thuật Field of Light một lần trong đời. Với 50.000 đèn mềm của Field of Light bao phủ sàn sa mạc phía sau bạn, bạn sẽ được thưởng thức thực đơn tự chọn gồm 3 món nước ngọt trước khi được mời đắm mình trong Field of Light. Đó là con đường sáng lấp lánh nhẹ nhàng với những giai điệu của ánh sáng màu mời bạn khám phá.

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“ Eine Nacht im Lichtfeld „, das Dinner-Erlebnis Sounds of Silence mit der einmaligen Installation des Field of Light-Kunstraums verbindet. Mit 50.000 weichen Lichtern des Lichtfeldes, das den Wüstenboden hinter Ihnen bedeckt, genießen Sie ein köstliches 3-Gänge-Buffet, bevor Sie eingeladen werden, in das Lichtfeld einzutauchen. Es sind Pfade, die sanft glitzern mit Rhythmen von farbigem Licht, die Sie zum Erkunden anlocken.

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Die Wüste leuchtet

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Wenn die Sonne hinter dem mächtigen Uluru versinkt, erwacht das „Field of Light“. Zehntausende Glaskugeln erstrahlen in bunten Farben. Der Lichtkünstler Bruce Munro hat sich damit einen Traum erfüllt.

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Bruce Munro hatte vor dem heiligen Berg der Aborigines die Inspiration zu einem Kunstwerk, damals aber habe er sich für eine Künstlerkarriere noch nicht bereit gefühlt, sagt er. In Sydney hatte der ausgebildete Maler als Beleuchtungsdesigner gearbeitet. „Ich hatte der Welt einfach noch nichts zu sagen.

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Aber es entstanden erste Ideen, die all die Jahre in meinem Skizzenbuch festgehalten waren“, sagt der Künstler mit der runden Brille.

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„Ich machte damals erste Skizzen, und die Idee von über große Flächen verteilten Lichtern blieb all die Jahre bei mir.“. Tili Wiru Tjuta Nyakutjaku, übersetzt „auf viele wunderschöne Lichter schauen“, nennt der lokale Aborigines-Stamm der Anangu die 49.000 Quadratmeter große Installation.[2]

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“ Une nuit au champ de la lumière », combinant l’expérience du dîner Sounds of Silence avec l’installation d’art« Field of Light »unique en son genre. Avec 50 000 lumières molles du champ de lumière couvrant le sol du désert derrière vous, vous apprécierez un menu de 3 plats succulent avant de vous inviter à vous immerger dans le champ de lumière. Ses voies brillent doucement avec des rythmes de lumière colorée qui vous invitent à explorer.

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Tuesday 04.09.18 :
08 am : Buffet breakfast

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9:45 am : 15 mins Helicopter ride over Uluru & Kata Tjuta

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Uluru is recognised as „Australia’s most natural icon“ and has become a focal point for Australia and the world’s acknowledgement of Australian indigenous culture. The sandstone monolith stands 348 metres (1,142 ft) high with most of its bulk below the ground. To Anangu (local indigenous people), Uluru is a place name and this „Rock“ has a number of different landmarks where many ancestral beings have interacted with the landscape and/or each other, some even believed to still reside here. Kata Tjuta, meaning ‚many heads‘, is a sacred place relating to knowledge that is considered very powerful and dangerous, only suitable for initiated men. It is made up of a group of 36 conglomerate rock domes that date back 500 million years.

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02 pm : Indigenous guided garden walk

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Acacia aneura, commonly known as mulga or true mulga, is a shrub or small tree native to arid outback areas of Australia, such as the Western Australian mulga shrublands. The seeds of Acacia aneura were once used to make seedcakes. The mulga apple is an insect gall commonly eaten by aboriginal people.[11] Mulga tree gum (ngkwarle alkerampwe in the Arrernte language) is a type of lerp scale found on mulga branches. It provides a tasty, honey-like treat.
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Spinifex is the characteristic grass of the deserts of Australia, and is well adapted to the combination of extremely poor soils and great aridity. The grass grows in the form of hummocks and the root system goes down to at least 3 m and is evenly spaced and diffuse. An unusual characteristic of the growth form that is particularly well adapted to life in arid, infertile soils is the way the roots grow from the same node as the stem, so that each stem has its own water and nutrient supply.7:30 pm : Dinner at Ilkari Buffet
lkari continues to offer a tantalising menu of international flavours for dinner.DSC09018 (1)DSC09023 (1)Situated at the premium Sails in the Desert Hotel, a personalised breakfast experience begins with an international menu and is completed by an egg and pancake station that allows the guest to define their very own signature dish.

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Your three-course dinner experience includes a selection of seafood, an array of antipasto, cured meats and soups to awaken your tastebuds. An assortment of pastas, Asian favourites, roasts and a grill selection cooked-to-order abound with signature dishes enlivened by Indigenous flavours will settle your appetite. For dessert, indulge in a rich and creamy chocolate fountain served alongside an intercontinental selection of mouth-watering sweet treats.

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Wednesday 05.09.18 :
08 am : Buffet breakfast

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11:45 am : Uluru day tour ( 7 hrs , $219/pax ) Lunch and BBQ Dinner provided
Uluru , Kata Tjuta , Atila , explore walpa gorge , Guided walks at Uluru

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Kata Tjuta

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These domed rock formations are composed of conglomerate, a sedimentary rock consisting of cobbles and boulders of varying rock types including granite and basalt, cemented by a matrix of sandstone. The crevasses are due to erosion, primarily by water. Although it is a dry region, the large area of these domes collects a lot of rainwater, which runs off in steep waterfalls during rain.

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We travel to Kata Tjuta (Olgas) for the first walk of the day into Walpa Gorge. Embrace the domes of Kata-Tjuta on your first walk of the day, while taking in the views of the open plains on the return walk.

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The park receives an average rainfall of 307.7 millimeters per year. Temperature extremes in the park have been recorded at 45 °C (113 °F) during the summer and −5 °C (23 °F) during winter nights. UV readings on most extreme summer days reach between 11 and 15. While the Central Australian environment may at first seem stark – a barren landscape supporting spectacular rock formations – closer inspection reveals it as a complex ecosystem, full of life.

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Frühling in Ayers Rock

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Aboriginal Cultural Centre

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We then visit the Aboriginal Cultural Centre where you will have time to learn about the local Pitjantjatjara people and buy some souvenirs.

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The Cultural Centre was built with 90,000 mud bricks with the help of the local Anangu people. It is built on a sacred site and has very special meaning to the local Anangu people.

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Pitjantjatjara est le nom d’un peuple autochtone du désert de l’Australie centrale et de sa langue. Les gens sont étroitement liés au peuple Yankuntjatjara et Ngaanyatjarra. Les Pitjantjatjara se désignent sous le nom d’Anangu (peuple). Le pays de Pitjantjatjara est principalement situé dans l’extrême nord-ouest de l’Australie-Méridionale, traversant la frontière du Territoire du Nord, juste au sud du lac Amadeus et à l’ouest en Australie occidentale. Les frontières de l’État sont sans importance pour Anangu, car la terre est une partie inséparable et importante de leur identité culturelle. La colonisation européenne a perturbé le mode de vie traditionnel de chasse et de rassemblement des nomades du peuple Pitjantjatjara, mais ils ont conservé leur langue et une grande partie de leur culture malgré des influences extérieures. Aujourd’hui, environ 4 000 Anangu vivent dans de petites communautés et des antennes à travers leurs terres traditionnelles, formant l’un des arrangements fonciers conjoints les plus réussis en Australie avec les propriétaires traditionnels autochtones.

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Uluru – Mala Walk

We then head to the base of Uluru (Ayers Rock), which is next to the entrance to the Uluru climb. From here one of the two guides will take you on a guided Mala Walk. The Mala Walk follows the north-west side of Uluru, where there are many fine examples of Anangu rock art, and you can experience the wonder of the sheer vertical walls. The guide will tell dreamtime stories of the Anangu People.

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Uluru – Mutitjulu Waterhole

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We drive from the front of Uluru around to the Kuniya car park, which is at the back of Uluru. From here we start our second Uluru guided walk to the Mutitjulu Waterhole.

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Mutitjulu is one of these natural wonders that Uluru harbours – one that very few people actually know about. Situated on the eastern side of Uluru, Mutitjulu waterhole is an unusually shaped water-filled hole at the base of the rock. But Mutitjulu is so much more than just a hole filled with water. As well as providing a thirst-quenching hotspot for animals and humans for many, many years, it’s also a tight Indigenous Australian community that is home to almost 300 Aboriginal peoples. The people that live there have a major stake in the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park which is home to Uluru and all its natural adornments – including Mutitjulu waterhole. TheMutitjulu Waterhole rock art vast majority of these people are Pitjantjatjara, but there are also a fair few Yankunytjatjara, Luritia, and Ngaanvatiarra people who speak a collection of languages, including Pitjantjatjara, Luritja, and Yangkunytjatjara.

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The guide will take you along a short track to the Mutitjulu Waterhole – home of an ancestral water snake called Wanampi. The guide will share stories of local traditions and explain how the Anangu people traditionally used the waterhole for hunting. The caves containing rock art were used in the past by Anangu still alive today.

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The Sunset BBQ

The scene has been set, the highlight of the day, the breathtaking Uluru sunset with a glass of bubbly(or BYO beer) and a delicious Aussie BBQ. A spectacular day never to be forgotten. After sunset, we set off to Alice Springs. Or if you’re ending the tour at Ayers Rock Resort you’ll be dropped off at Outback Pioneer after sunset.

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Thursday 06.09.18 :
08 am : Buffet breakfast
14:15 : Departs Uluru , Ayers Rock Connellan – 17:45 Arrives Sydney , Sydney Kingsford Smith

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Ayers Rock Airport (also known as Connellan Airport) (IATA: AYQ, ICAO: YAYE) is situated near Yulara, around 463 km (288 mi) (5 hrs drive) away from Alice Springs, Northern Territory, and 20 minutes drive from Uluru (Ayers Rock) itself. An average of just under 300,000 passengers per year pass through this airport in the middle of Australia

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Northern Territory

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The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia. It shares borders with Western Australia to the west (129th meridian east), South Australia to the south (26th parallel south), and Queensland to the east (138th meridian east). To the north, the territory is bordered by the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpentaria, including Western New Guinea and other Indonesian islands. Despite its large area—covering 1,349,129 square kilometres (520,902 sq mi), making it the third largest Australian federal division, and the 11th largest country subdivision in the world—it is sparsely populated. The Northern Territory’s population of 244,000 (2016) makes it the least populous of Australia’s eight major states and territories, having fewer than half as many people as Tasmania.

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The capital and largest city is Darwin. The population is concentrated in coastal regions and along the Stuart Highway. The other major settlements are (in order of size) Palmerston, Alice Springs, Katherine, Nhulunbuy, and Tennant Creek. Residents of the Northern Territory are often known simply as „Territorians“ and fully as „Northern Territorians“, or more informally as „Top Enders“ and „Centralians“.

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Das Northern Territory (deutsch: Nordterritorium, Abkürzung: NT) ist ein australisches Bundesterritorium, d. h. eine Verwaltungseinheit, die im Gegensatz zu den Gliedstaaten wie Western Australia oder South Australia keine Eigenstaatlichkeit besitzt. Allerdings ist dem Territorium durch Bundesgesetz ein großes Maß an Selbstverwaltung zugestanden worden, wodurch dessen Status faktisch an den der Gliedstaaten angeglichen wurde; jedoch kann jedes Gesetz des Territoriums vom Bundesparlament wieder aufgehoben werden, wie dies mit einem Gesetz (Rights of the Terminally Ill Act) geschehen ist, das die aktive Sterbehilfe erlaubt hatte.

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In den drei größten Städten Darwin, Palmerston und Alice Springs leben fast 80 % der gesamten Bevölkerung des Territoriums.

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Das Northern Territory grenzt im Westen an Western Australia (entlang des 129. Längengrad Ost), im Süden an South Australia (26. Breitengrad Süd) und im Osten an Queensland (138. Längengrad Ost). Im Norden wird es von der Timorsee, der Arafurasee und dem Golf von Carpentaria begrenzt.

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Die Gesamtfläche beträgt 1.349.130 km², was ungefähr der vierfachen Fläche Deutschlands entspricht. Neben Darwin (120.000 Einwohnern) zählen Palmerston (28.030), Alice Springs (27.481), Litchfield (18.277), Katherine (9912), Tennant Creek (5634) und Nhulunbuy (3719) zu den größeren Städten.

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Auf den Spuren des Pioniers John McDouall Stuarts. Er war der erste, dem es gelang, den Kontinent und das rote Zentrum zu durchqueren, von Küste zu Küste. Insgesamt legt man auf der Fahrt von Adelaide über das rote Zentrum und Alice Springs bis Darwin über 3.000 km zurück. Die Strecke ist durchgängig geteert und das ganze Jahr über befahrbar. Für die gesamte Strecke sollte man sich zwei bis drei Wochen Zeit nehmen.

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John McDouall Stuart (* 7. September 1815 in Dysart, Fife, Schottland; † 5. Juni 1866 in London) war ein schottischer Geometer und Entdeckungsreisender, der als erster Europäer den australischen Kontinent von Süden nach Norden und zurück durchquerte.

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In mehreren Anläufen gelang es ihm zwischen 1858 und 1862, durch über 3000 Kilometer Wüste und Savanne einen Weg von Adelaide im Süden bis Chambers Bay (nahe Darwin) an der Nordküste Australiens zu finden – die entscheidende Grundlage für den Bau der Überland-Telegrafenleitung von Südaustralien über Alice Springs nach Darwin, die sich eng an Stuarts Route hält und 1872 vollendet wurde.

Stuart zählt zu den großen historischen Persönlichkeiten Australiens. Während seine ersten Expeditionen dem Ziel dienten, landwirtschaftlich nutzbares Land, Bodenschätze und das erhoffte große Süßwasserreservoir im Inneren des Kontinents zu finden, trat später ein strategisches Ziel in den Vordergrund: Unter den Kolonien lief ein Wettlauf um den Auftrag für die Telegrafenleitung, die Australien an das Tiefseekabel von Java anschließen und damit mit der Welt verbinden sollte. Nur durch die Erschließung einer Überland-Route nach Norden konnte Adelaide in diesem Rennen verbleiben. Wer von den Städten des Südostens gewann, konnte zum Telekommunikationszentrum ganz Australiens werden, mit all den zu erwartenden wirtschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Vorteilen.

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In the footsteps of John McDouall Stuart’s pioneer. He was the first to cross the continent and the red center, from coast to coast. All in all, on the drive from Adelaide over the red center and Alice Springs to Darwin back over 3,000 km. The track is paved throughout and can be used all year round. For the entire route you should take two to three weeks time.

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John McDouall Stuart (7 September 1815 – 5 June 1866), often referred to as simply „McDouall Stuart“, was a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished of all Australia’s inland explorers.

Stuart led the first successful expedition to traverse the Australian mainland from south to north and return, through the centre of the continent. His experience and the care he showed for his team ensured he never lost a man, despite the harshness of the country he encountered.

The explorations of Stuart eventually resulted in the 1863 annexation of a huge area of country to the Government of South Australia. This area became known as the Northern Territory. In 1911 the Commonwealth of Australia assumed responsibility for that area. In 1871–72 the Australian Overland Telegraph Line was constructed along Stuart’s route. The principal road from Port Augusta to Darwin was also established essentially on his route and is now known as the Stuart Highway in his honour.

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Flora and Fauna of Ayers Rock

Spinifex Pigeon
The Spinifex Pigeon measures from 20 – 24 cm and has plumage that is rusty-coloured and blends into the red soils of the arid areas. Their flightt is low and fast, often flipping and gliding in the flight. Their call is a high – pitched coo or a deep “ coo-r-r-r“. The Spinifex Pigeon is permanently found in the arid areas of north-western, northern, eastern and central Australia. Generally they live in stony areas with low woodlands and spinifex grasses. they are normadic and terrestrial. They are often found in pairs or groups. [3]

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Die Spinifex Pigeon misst zwischen 20 und 24 cm und hat ein rostiges Gefieder, das sich in die roten Böden der Trockengebiete einfügt. Ihr Flugt ist niedrig und schnell, oft flattert und gleitet im Flug. Ihr Ruf ist ein schrilles Gurren oder ein tiefes „coo-r-r-r“. Die Spinifex-Taube findet sich ständig in den trockenen Gebieten Nordwest-, Nord-, Ost- und Zentralaustraliens. Im Allgemeinen leben sie in steinigen Gebieten mit niedrigen Wäldern und Spinifex-Gräsern. Sie sind normadisch und irdisch. Sie werden oft in Paaren oder Gruppen gefunden

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Spinifex Pigeon có kích thước từ 20 – 24 cm và có bộ lông có màu gỉ và pha trộn vào đất đỏ của những vùng khô cằn. Chuyến bay của họ thấp và nhanh, thường bay và lượn trên chuyến bay. Cuộc gọi của họ là một coo cao độ hoặc một „coo-r-r-r“ sâu sắc. Spinifex Pigeon được tìm thấy vĩnh viễn ở những vùng khô cằn ở phía tây bắc, bắc, đông và trung tâm Úc. Nói chung, chúng sống trong các khu vực đá với những cánh rừng thấp và cỏ spinifex. chúng là normadic và mặt đất. Chúng thường được tìm thấy theo cặp hoặc nhóm

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Grey-Fronted Honeyeater
is a small-medium pale grey-brown honeyear with a distinctive yellow tuft behind its eye. The Grey-frnted Honeyeater is found in a wide range of wooded habitats, usually near water. It is commmon in parks, gardens and street trees, in urban areas as well as on farms and in remnant vegetation along roadsides.

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Black-breasted Buzzard
is a large dark raptor with a very short, square-tipped tail. Black-breasted Buzzards are found in lightly timbered plains, open country and tree-lined waterways through inland Australia and in semiarid or arid regions.

Bush Tucker Journeys
For tens of thousands of years, Indigenous Australians have been eating „bush tucker“ – the Australian term for the huge variety of native herbs, spices, fruits, seeds insect and wildlife that are native to the country. To most non-Indigenous people, the plants are a mystery, the ancient cooking methods unconventional and they are at a loss as tho how to incorporate these ingredients into everyday cooking.

Kampurarpa

bush tomato or desser raisin , solanum centrale. In the desert, the plants grow quickly after summer rains, mainly from dormant root stock which can last for many years between seasons. Kampurarpa are rich source of minerals, particularly potassium and are also high in vitamin C. The traditional harvesting method is to collect the sun dried fruits in autum and winter. Kampurarpa has a strong sun dried tomato, caramel and tamarillo flavour.

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In der Wüste wachsen die Pflanzen nach dem Sommerregen schnell, hauptsächlich aus ruhenden Wurzelstöcken, die zwischen den Jahreszeiten viele Jahre halten können. Kampurarpa ist eine reichhaltige Quelle an Mineralien, insbesondere Kalium und auch reich an Vitamin C. Die traditionelle Methode ist das Sammeln der sonnengetrockneten Früchte im Herbst und Winter. Kampurarpa hat einen starken sonnengetrockneten Tomaten-, Karamell- und Tamarillo-Geschmack.

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Trong sa mạc, cây mọc nhanh sau mùa mưa, chủ yếu là từ gốc rễ không hoạt động có thể tồn tại trong nhiều năm giữa các mùa. Kampurarpa là nguồn giàu khoáng chất, đặc biệt là kali và cũng có hàm lượng vitamin C. Phương pháp thu hoạch truyền thống là thu thập các loại trái cây phơi khô trong mùa đông và mùa đông. Kampurarpa có cà chua khô, caramel và hương vị tamarillo mạnh.

Aliti

wattleseed , acacia victoriae . The golden wattle flower is the floral emblem of Australia. Wattleseed are the edible seeds from the Acacia. It has a chocolate, coffee, hazelnut flavour profile and is added to ice cream, chocolate, bread, sauces and dairy desserts.

Arnguli

bush plum, santaalum lanceolatum. The bush plum can be found in arid areas of Australia, including locally around the base of Uluru.  The fruit only has a small amount of juicy flesh surrounding a large stone, but contain a surprisingly large amount of vitamin C.

Ili

native of wild fig, Ficus platypoda. Ili is found growing amongst cracks and boulders at Uluru and Kata Tjuta. Anangu collect and eat the sweet figs that are ripe to eat when they`re red.

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Ili wächst unter den Rissen und Felsbrocken von Uluru und Kata Tjuta. Anangu sammelt und isst die süßen Feigen, die reif sind, wenn sie rot sind.

Ili được tìm thấy ngày càng tăng giữa các vết nứt và tảng đá ở Uluru và Kata Tjuta. Anangu thu thập và ăn những quả sung ngọt chín muồi để ăn khi chúng đỏ.

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Kaliny-Kalinypa

desert honey grevillea, Grevillea eriostachya. Kaliny-Kalinypa growing in the sand dunes Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. Anangu use the honey like nectar from this plant in two ways; by sucking directly from the flowers for its sugary taste or by dipping it into water to create a sweetened drink.

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Kaliny-Kalinypa, wächst in den Sanddünen Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. Anangu benutzt den Honig-Nektar dieser Pflanze auf zwei Arten; durch direktes Saugen von den Blumen für ihren süßen Geschmack oder durch Eintauchen in Wasser, um ein gesüßtes Getränk zu erzeugen.

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Kaliny-Kalinypa mọc trong các cồn cát Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. Anangu sử dụng mật hoa từ cây này theo hai cách; bằng cách hút trực tiếp từ hoa cho hương vị ngọt của nó hoặc bằng cách nhúng nó vào nước để tạo ra một thức uống ngọt.

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Iriya

old man saltbush, Atriplex nummularia. Saltbush is a sprawling greyblue schrub that grows up to 3 metres high. The leaves can also be used fresh or blanched to wrap around meat or fish, in salads or as a leafy bed for grilled meat or vegetables.

Mangata

desert quandong, Santalum acuminatum. Desert Quandong is regarded by Anangu as a desert peach. In modern cooking use Quandong for jams and pies, or stew them in sugar, water and orange juice, and use as a fruit puree.

Recipe wattleseed shortbread
ingredients :

200g unsalted butter, softened
90g icing sugar
1 egg yolk
250g plain flour
2g baking powder
5g wattleseed
method:

Lightly cream the soft butter and sugar
Mix in the egge yolk
Fold in the flour, baking powder and wattleseed
Roll into small balls
Prechead oven at 190C, bake for 15-18mins until golden brown, cool on
a wire rack

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Tjintu Solar Field

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The abundance of sunshine and ample availability of land make this perfect location for a solar energy plant to supplement Yulara and Ayers Rock Resort`s current electricity supply. The 1.8MW solar sytem, is a photovoltaic system that is spread across five locations around Ayers Rock Resort.

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Grevillea is a diverse genus of about 360 species of evergreen flowering plants in the family Proteaceae, native to rainforest and more open habitats in Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Sulawesi and other Indonesian islands east of the Wallace Line. It was named in honour of Charles Francis Greville. The species range from prostrate shrubs less than 50 cm (20 in) tall to trees 35 m (115 ft) tall. Grevillea flowers were a traditional favourite among Aborigines for their sweet nectar. This could be shaken onto the hand to enjoy, or into a coolamon with a little water to make a sweet drink. They might be referred to as the original „bush lollies“. Drinking nectar direct from the flower is best avoided as some commonly cultivated grevillea species produce flowers containing toxic cyanide. A grevillea wood veneer was used on a Pembroke table, a small table with two drawers and folding sides, made in the 1790s for Commissioner of the Royal Navy, Sir Andrew Snape Hamond. The timber from which the veneer was made, referred to as ‚beef wood‘, was sent from Port Jackson by Surgeon-General John White, who arrived in the new penal colony of Australia with the First Fleet. This table is in the collection of the National Museum of Australia in Canberra.

Uluru through my lens 2018© Copyright Tai Do Khac

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References

[1] Wikipedia
[2] Die Wüste leuchtet . Spiegel Online , Detlef Berg/abl
[3] birdlife.org.au

My next expedition

In the footsteps of John McDouall Stuart’s pioneer. He was the first to cross the continent and the red center, from coast to coast. All in all, on the drive from Adelaide over the red center and Alice Springs to Darwin back over 3,000 km. The track is paved throughout and can be used all year round. For the entire route you should take two to three weeks time.
From Adelaide, the route continues through the Flinders Ranges to the opal town of Coober Pedy and finally on to the world’s most famous monolith Uluru. Here you can experience the sunset and a hike through the rock dome of Kata Tjuta, before you take the road to the next destination – Kings Canyon.
Alice Springs, also known as the art capital of Australia. From here, the pittorresque gorges lure into the MacDonnell Ranges. Stop at Tennant Creek to learn more about the region’s gold mining past.
The city of Katherine is an ideal base from which to visit the nearby Nitmiluk (Katherine) Gorge.
Spend a relaxing day in the natural pools of Litchfield National Park before the final leg takes you to the multi-cultural tropical city of Darwin.

Tag, Destination, Distanz

Days 1-4 Adelaide nach Coober Pedy 850km
Day 5 Coober Pedy nach Uluru 751km
Day 6 Uluru nach Kings Canyon 300km
Day 7 Kings Canyon nach Alice Springs 472km
Day 8 West MacDonnell Ranges
Day 9 Alice Springs nach Tennant Creek 510km
Day 10 Tennant Creek nach Daly Waters 400km
Day 11 Daly Waters nach Mataranka 165km
Day 12 Mataranka nach Katherine 105km
Day 13 Katherine nach Litchfield National Park 265km
Day 14 Litchfield nach Darwin 130km

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Equipment

Schuhe

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Tripod C5i Carbon Rollei , Sony Nex – 7 , Sony E 16 mm F2,8, Sony Ultra Wide Converter x0.75 , Sony Fisheye Converter , Sony E 3.5-5.6 /PZ 16-50 OSS
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Sony A 7 , Sony A7ii , Sony FE 1.8/50 , Sony FE 3.5-5.6/28-70 OSS , Sony FE 4/70 -200 G OSS, Fernauslöser Neewer
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Nacht kann ich 5 Batterien aufladen . Unterwegs Batterien aufladen über Power Bank. Night I can charge 5 batteries. On road Battery charging via Power Bank. Sony Alpha 5000 for video recording

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Nokia Lumia 1020 46MP

Analoge Objektiv
Es gibt alte analoge Objektive mit einer besseren Bildqualität als viele moderne Objektive.

There are old analog lenses with better picture quality than many modern lenses.

OBjektiv2 (1 von 1)
Takumar Super-Multi-Coated 1:1.9/85 , Exakta 1.2.8 – 4.3 28 – 70 mm , Tokina Tele-Auto 1:2.8 , Kenko 2x Mx Teleplus MC4 , Tokina Wide – Auoto 1:2.8 f 35 mm , Nikon AF Nikkor 1:4-5.6 35 – 80 mm , Tokina AT-X 1.3.5-4.5 28 – 85 mm
OBjektiv3 (1 von 1)
Eximar 77° Ww Auto 2.8/28 mm , Domiplan 2.8/50 mm , Tokina EL 1:2.8 28 mm , MC Rokkor -PF 1:2 f 50 mm , Revuenon 1:1.9 f 50 mm , AF Nikkor 1:3.3-4.5 f 35- 70 mm , Super – Takumar 1:2/55 mm , Olympus OM-System F. Zuiko 1:1.8 f 50 mm , Minolta MC Rokkor-PF 1:1.4 f 58 mm , Exakta MC Macro 1:3.5-4.8 f 35-70 mm , Yashica 1:1.7 f 50 mm , Canon 1:4-5.6 EF 35-80 mm , Canon Zoom Lens FD 1:4 35-70 mm
OBjektiv1 (1 von 1)
Takumar Super-Multi-Coated 1:4/200 , Sigma Zoom – K Multi-Coated 1:4.5 f 100 – 200 mm , Soligor 1:2.3 200 mm , Soligor C/d Mirror Lens 1:8 500 mm , Soligor c/D Zoom + Macro 1:3.5-5.3 28-200 mm , TV Tele Conversion Lens 1.4 x , Soligor Hi-Q 1.5 x Tele Video Converter

Filter

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Vario ND2x – 400x , Hama Gitter 6x , Praktica Circular Pol
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Sony HVL-F20M Kompaktblitz, Andoer Neue Z-förmige Aluminiumlegierung-faltbare Kamera-Camcorder-Desktop-Halter Schnellwechselplatte Neigekopf für Sony DSLR-Kamera Videospur Slider Stativ Film MakrofotografieAndoer AFI MRP01 Mini Electric Panoramakopf 360 ° Rotation Zeitraffer Stativkopf für Selfie Stick-Smartphones , Kamera-Schnellwechselplatte/Schnellverschlussplatte, Filter-Ring Objektiv Adapter Adapter-Set 37 49 52 55 58 62 67 72 77 mm Step Up ,
Berry Farm
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